Orthodox Christians in Dialogue with Jews


We are working to assemble a collection of recommended books, articles, and book chapters in English (or being translated into English) that will document previous Orthodox Christian engagement with Judaism and support further theological reflection and dialogue.

Please get in touch (info@ocdj.net) if you have any contributions to add or if, as a member of the working group, you would like access to some of these materials from the library.


Azar, Michael G., Exegeting the Jews: The Early Reception of the Johannine “Jews.” The Bible in Ancient Christianity 10. Boston: Brill, 2016.

Bonfil, Robert, Oded Irshai, Guy Stroumsa, and Rina Talgum, eds. Jews in Byzantium: Dialectics of Minority and Majority Cultures. Boston: Brill, 2012.

Caneri, Sandrine, and Mère Éliane (Poirot) OCD. À la louange de sa gloire: Modifications de certains textes de l’office byzantin au regard du mystère d’Israël et de l’église. Studia Oecumenica series. Sibiu: Ecumenical Institute in Sibiu, 2008. [soon to be translated into English]

de Lange, Nicholas, Elena Narinskaya, and Sybil Sheridan, eds. Elonei Mamre: The Encounter of Judaism and Orthodox Christianity. New York: Fortresss Academic, 2023.

de Lange, Nicholas, Elena Narinskaya, and Sybil Sheridan, eds. Tois Pasin ho Kairos: Judaism and Orthodox Christianity Facing the Future. New York: Fortresss Academic, 2023.

Gillet, Lev. Communion in the Messiah: Studies in the Relationship Between Judaism and Christianity. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1999. First published 1942.

Ioniță, Alexandru, and Stefan Tobler, eds. The Byzantine Liturgy and the Jews. (forthcoming)

Lowe, Malcolm, ed. Orthodox Christians and Jews on continuity and renewal: Third Academic Meeting between Orthodoxy and Judaism. Jerusalem: Ecumenical Theological Research Fraternity in Israel; 1994.

Narinskaya, Elena. Ephrem, a Jewish Sage: A Comparison of the Exegetical Writings of St Ephrem the Syrian and Jewish Traditions. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers, 2010.

Papademetriou, George. Essays on Christian-Jewish Relations. Bristol, IN: Wyndham Hall Press, 1990.

Articles and Book Chapters

Ankori, Zvi. “Greek Orthodox–Jewish Relations in Historic Perspective—The Jewish View.” Greek Orthodox Theological Review 22.1 (1977): 17–57.

Artemi, Eirini. “The Psalms, the Hymns, and the Texts of the Old Testament and Their Use in Holy Monday and Tuesday.” Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai Theologia Orthodoxa 65, no. 2 (2020): 113–32.

Azar, Michael G. “Origen, Scripture, and the Imprecision of ‘Supersessionism’.” Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations 16, no. 1 (2021): 1-25.

Azar, Michael G. “Prophetic Matrix and Theological Paradox: Jews and Judaism in the Holy Week and Pascha Observances of the Greek Orthodox Church.” Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations 10, no. 1 (2015): 1-27.

Azar, Michael G. “‘Supersessionism’: The Political Origin of a Theological Neologism.” Journal of Theological Interpretation 10.2 (2016): 157-172.

Azar, Michael G. “The Role of Scripture in Jewish-Christian Dialogue: An Orthodox Perspective,” in The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in Orthodox Christianity. Eugen Pentiuc, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022: 556-574.

Bucur, Bogdan G. “Anti-Jewish Rhetoric in Byzantine Hymnography: Exegetical and Theological Contextualization.” St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 61  (2017): 39-60.

Bucur, Bogdan G. “Anti-Jewish Sentiments in Liturgical and Patristic Biblical Interpretations,” in The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in Orthodox Christianity. Eugen Pentiuc, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022: 484-499.

Bucur, Bogdan G. “Justin Martyr’s Exegesis of Biblical Theophanies and the Parting of the Ways Between Christianity and Judaism.” Theological Studies 75 (March 2014): 34-51.

Caneri, Sandrine. “Les sources juives de la liturgie byzantine.” Contacts 216 (2006): 399-422. [soon to be translated into English]

Caneri, Sandrine. “The Orthodox Church in Dialogue with Judaism: Toward an Official Document?” The Wheel 17-18 (Spring/Summer 2019): 33-40.

Caneri, Sandrine. “Under What Conditions Would the Orthodox Engage in the Judeo-Christian Dialogue?” Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu 11, no. 2 (2019): 154-166.

Christian Roundtable of Eastern Orthodox Priests and Cultural Representatives from Greece, Georgia, Italy, Russia, and Ukraine visiting Jerusalem, “Final Declaration: To Recognize Christ in His People.” (April 20-24, 2007).

Cohen, Mireille and Sandrine Caneri. “Recontextualiser les Saints Pères et ne pas juger.” Sens 384 (2013): 843-849.

de Lange, Nicholas. “The Orthodox Churches in Dialogue with Judaism,” in Challenges in Jewish-Christian Relations. James K. Aitken and Edward Kessler, eds. New York: Paulist Press, 2006.

Fritts, Kevin Basil. “All the Nations? Orthodox Theology in the Wake of Nostra Aetate.The Wheel 17-18 (Spring/Summer 2019): 62-68.

Golitzin, Alexander. “Scriptural Images of the Church: An Eastern Orthodox Reflection,” in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic: Ecumenical Reflections on the Church. Tamara Grdzelidze, ed. Geneva: WCC Publications, 2005: 255-266.

Greek Orthodox-Jewish Scholars Colloquium. “Recommendations Adopted by the Greek Orthodox-Jewish Scholars Colloquium, January 25-26, 1972.” Greek Orthodox Theological Review 22 (1977): 155-156.

Groen, Bert. “Anti-Judaism in the Present-Day Byzantine Liturgy.” Journal of Eastern Christian Studies 60, no. 1 (2008): 369–387.

Groen, Bert. “Old Testament Saints and Anti-Judaism in the Current Byzantine Liturgy.” A Cloud of Witnesses (2005): 145-159.

Hackel, Sergei. “The Relevance of Western Post-Holocaust Theology to the Thought and Practice of the Russian Orthodox Church.” Sobornost 20 (1998): 7–25.

Heldt, Petra. “A Brief History of Dialogue Between Orthodox Christians and Jews.” Immanuel 26-27 (1994): 211-224.

Ioniță, Alexandru. “Byzantine Liturgical Hymnography: A Stumbling Stone for the Jewish-Orthodox Christian Dialogue?” Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu 11, no. 2 (2019): 253–267.

Ioniță, Alexandru. “Byzantine Liturgical Texts and Modern Israelogy: Opportunities for Liturgical Renewal in the Orthodox Church.” Studia Liturgica 44 (2014): 151-162.

Ioniță, Alexandru. “Patristic and Eastern Orthodox Interpretations of Romans 9-11: Overview and Perspectives for the Theological Recovery of a Pauline Text.” Benyik György, ed. Interpretations of the Letter to the Romans.  Szeged: Jate Press, 2018: 113-123.

Kireopoulos, Antonios. “On Jewish-Orthodox Christian Relations,” in A Jubilee for All Time: The Copernican Revolution in Jewish–Christian Relations. Gilbert S. Rosenthal, ed.. Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2014: 96-105.

Leonova, Inga. “Christianity and the Jewish Question,” The Wheel 26-27 (Summer/Fall 2021): 73-79.

Moga, Ioan. “Jewish Elements in the Tradition of the Orthodox Church. A Contribution to Dialogue.” Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu 11, no. 2 (2019): 167–179.

Narinskaya, Elena. “What does it take to be Anti-Jewish? A deconstruction of statements held to be Anti-Jewish in Early Christian writers.” Bogoslov (29 December 2011).

Perșa, Răzvan. “The Image of Jews According to the Canonical Tradition of the Orthodox Church.” Religions 14, no. 1 (n.d.): 91.

Seppälä, Serafim. “Forsaken or Not? Patristic Argumentation on the Forsakenness of Jews Revisited.” Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu 11, no. 2 (2019): 180–98.

Stylianopoulos, Theodore. “New Testament Issues in Jewish-Christian Relations.” Greek Orthodox Theological Review 22.1 (1977): 70–79.

Theokritoff, Elizabeth. “The Orthodox Services of Holy Week: The Jews and the New Sion.” Sobornost 25 (2003): 25-50.

Tonias, Demetrios E. “From the Springs of Israel: The Jewish Bible and Eastern Christian Liturgy.” Sacred Texts and Human Contexts: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Views on What Unites and Divides Us. Nathan R. Kollar and Muhammad Shafiq, eds. North Charleston, SC: CreateSpace, 2014.

Tonias, Demetrios E. “Fulfillment in Continuity: The Orthodox Christian Theology of Biblical Israel.” Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu 11, no. 2 (2019): 209–36.

Tonias, Demetrios E. “Sharing the Inheritance: An Orthodox Christian View of the Church as New Israel in the Context of the Contemporary Jewish-Christian Dialogue.” Current Dialogue: Special Issue: Christian Self Understanding in the Jewish Context, no. 53 (2012): 51-61.

Vachicouras, Gary. “Le dialogue de l’Église orthodoxe avec la Tradition juive.” Contacts 58 (2006): 516-527.

Other Recommended Resources

The following works do not specifically address Orthodox Christianity and Judaism but are recommended resources for theological reflection on Christian-Jewish dialogue.

Anderson, Paul N. “Anti-Semitism and Religious Violence as Flawed Interpretations of the Gospel of John. John and Judaism: A Contested Relationship in Context.” Resources for Biblical Study 87, Atlanta SBL Press, 2017: 265–312.

Baron, Lori, Jill Hicks-Keeton, and Matthew Thiessen, eds. The Ways That Oen Parted: Essays in Honor of Joel Marcus. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2019.

Bauckham, Richard. Jesus and the God of Israel: God Crucified and Other Studies on the New Testament’s Christology of Divine Identity. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2008.

Becker, Adam H., and Annette Yoshiko Reed, eds. The Ways That Never Parted: Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2007.

Berlin, Adele, and Marc Zvi Brettler, eds. The Jewish Study Bible. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Blackwell, Ben C., John K. Goodrich, and Jaston Maston, eds. Reading Mark in Context: Jesus and Second Temple Judaism. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic, 2018.

Blackwell, Ben C., John K. Goodrich, and Jaston Maston, eds. Reading Revelation in Context: John’s Apocalypse and Second Temple Judaism. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic, 2019.

Blackwell, Ben C., John K. Goodrich, and Jaston Maston, eds. Reading Romans in Context: Paul and Second Temple Judaism. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic, 2015.

Boccaccini, Gabriele, and Carlos A. Segovia, eds. Paul the Jew: Rereading the Apostle as a Figure of Second Temple Judaism. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2016.

Boyarin, Daniel. Border Lines: The Partition of Judaeo-Christianity. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Boyarin, Daniel. Dying for God: Martyrdom and the Making of Christianity and Judaism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Boyarin, Daniel. The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish Christ. New York: New Press, 2012.

Boyarin, Daniel. “Justin Martyr Invents Judaism.” Church History 70, no. 3 (2001): 427-461.

Boyarin, Daniel. A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1994.

Brettler, Marc Zvi, and Amy-Jill Levine. The Bible With and Without Jesus: How Jews and Christians Read the Same Stories Differently. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2020.

Brettler, Marc Zvi, and Amy-Jill Levine. The Jewish Annotated New Testament. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Chazan, Robert. From Anti-Judaism to Anti-Semitism: Ancient and Medieval Christian Constructions of Jewish History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Cunningham, Philip A. “Themes in Catholic Post-Nostra Aetate Theology.” Current Dialogue: Special Issue: Christian Self Understanding in the Jewish Context, no. 53 (2012): 10-20.

Daniélou, Jean. The Theology of Jewish Christianity. London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1964.

Dunn, James D.G., ed. Jews and Christians: The Parting of the Ways AD 70 to 135. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1999.

Eisenbaum, Pamela. Paul Was Not a Christian. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2009.

Feldman, Louis H. Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World: Attitudes and Interactions from Alexander to Justinian. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Fredriksen, Paula. Augustine and the Jews: A Christian Defense of Jews and Judaism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008.

Fredriksen, Paula, and Oded Irshai. “Christian Anti-Judaism: Polemics and Policies: From the Second to the Seventh Centuries,” in Steven T. Katz, ed., The Cambridge History of Judaism, vol. 4 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006: 977-1035.

Fredriksen, Paula. Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews: A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity. New York: Vintage Books, 1999.

Fredriksen, Paula. When Christians Were Jews: The First Generation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2018.

Frymer-Kensky, Tikva, David Novak, Peter Ochs, David Fox Sandmel, and Michael A. Signer. Christianity in Jewish Terms. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.

Goldberg, Sol, Scott Ury, and Kalman Weiser, eds. Key Concepts in the Study of Antisemitism. London, UK: Palgrave MacMillan, 2021.

Harvey, Susan Ashbrook, David G. Hunter, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Heschel, Abraham Joshua. God in Search of Man: A Philosophy of Judaism. New York: Harper, 1955.

Heschel, Abraham Joshua. Man Is Not Alone: A Philosophy of Religion. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1951.

Hosang, F. J. E. Boddens. Establishing Boundaries: Christian-Jewish Relations in Early Council Texts and the Writings of Church Fathers. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010.

Isaac, Jules. Jesus and Israel. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971. (Originally in French: Jesus et Israël. Paris: A. Michel, 1948.)

Jackson-McCabe, Matt. Jewish Christianity: The Making of the Christianity-Judaism Divide. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2020.

Kessler, Edward, and Neil Wenborn, eds. A Dictionary of Jewish-Christian Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Kinzer, Mark S. Jerusalem Crucified, Jerusalem Risen: The Resurrected Messiah, the Jewish People, and the Land of Promise. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2018.

Kinzer, Mark S. “Jewish Disciples of Yeshua: The Sacrament of Messianic Communion.” Helsinki Consultation, Moscow 2015.

Kinzer, Mark S. Postmissi onary Messianic Judaism: Redefining Christian Engagement with the Jewish People.
Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2005.

Kinzer, Mark S. Searching Her Own Mystery: Nostra Aetate, the Jewish People, and the Identity of the Church. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2015.

Kraabel, A. Thomas, J. Andrew Overman, and Robert S. MacLennan. “Melito the Bishop and the Synagogue at Sardis: Text and Context,” in Diaspora Jews and Judaism: Essays in Honor of, and in Dialogue with A. Thomas Kraabel. J. Overman and R. MacLennan, eds. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992: 197–207.

Kuhlmann, K.H. “The Harp out of Tune: The Anti-Judaism/Antisemitism of St Ephrem.” The Harp 27 (2004): 177-183.

Law, Timothy Michael, and Alison Salvesen, eds. Greek Scripture and the Rabbis. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

Levenson, Jon D. The Death and Resurrection of the Beloved Son: The Transformation of Child Sacrifice in Judaism and Christianity. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993.

Levenson, Jon D. Resurrection and the Restoration of Israel: The Ultimate Victory of the God of Life. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.

Levenson, Jon D., and Kevin J. Madigan. Resurrection: The Power of God for Christians and Jews. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985.

Levering, Matthew. Jewish-Christian Dialogue and the Life of Wisdom: Engagements with the Theology of David Novak. New York: Continuum, 2010.

Levering, Matthew, and Tom Angier, eds. The Achievement of David Novak: A Catholic-Jewish Dialogue. Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2021.

Levine, Amy-Jill. The Misunderstood Jew: The Church and the Scandal of the Jewish Jesus. San Francisco: HarperOne, 1979.

Levine, Amy-Jill. Short Stories by Jesus: The Enigmatic Parables of a Controversial Rabbi. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2014.

Levine, Amy-Jill, Dale C. Allison Jr, and John Dominic Crossan, eds. The Historical Jesus in Context. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Longenecker, Richard N. The Christology of Early Jewish Christianity. London: SCM Press, 1970.

Lustiger, Cardinal Jean-Marie. The Promise. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2007. (Originally in French: La Promesse. Paris: Editions Parole et Silence, 2002.)

Nanos, Mark D. Reading Romans within Judaism: The Collected Essays of Mark D. Nanos, Vol 2. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2018.

Nanos, Mark D., and Magnus Zetterholm, eds. Paul within Judaism: Restoring the First-Century Context to the Apostle. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2015.

Neusner, Jacob, and Ernest S. Frerichs, eds. To See Ourselves as Others See Us: Christians, Jews, Others in Late Antiquity. Decatur, GA: Scholars Press, 1985.

Novak, David. The Election of Israel: The Idea of the Chosen People. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Novak, David. Jewish-Christian Dialogue: A Jewish Justification. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Novak, David. Talking with Christians: Musings of a Jewish Theologian. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2005.

Ochs, Peter. Another Reformation: Postliberal Christianity and the Jews. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2011.

Palmisano, Joseph Redfield. Beyond the Walls: Abraham Joshua Heschel and Edith Stein on the Significance of Empathy for Jewish-Christian Dialogue. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Reynolds, Benjamin E. and Loren T. Stuckenbruck, eds., The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testament Thought. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2017.

Schäfer, Peter. Jesus in the Talmud. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Schäfer, Peter. The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Schoeman, Roy H. Salvation Is from the Jews: The Role of Judaism in Salvation History from Abraham to the Second Coming. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2003.

Schröder, Bernd. “What Does the Church Gain in Affirming the Jewish People as People of the Covenant?” Current Dialogue: Special Issue: Christian Self Understanding in the Jewish Context, no. 53 (2012): 62-69.

Sievers, Joseph, and Amy-Jill Levine, eds. The Pharisees. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2021.

Soulen, R. Kendall. The God of Israel and Christian Theology. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996.

Stern, David, and Barry Rubin, eds. The Complete Jewish Study Bible. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2016.

Tobias, Norman C. Jewish Conscience of the Church: Jules Isaac and the Second Vatican Council. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017.

Trebilco, Paul R. Jewish Communities in Asia Minor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Waltke, Bruce, and James M. Houston. The Psalms as Christian Worship: A Historical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2010.

Weitzman, Mark. “The IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism,” in Comprehending and Confronting Antisemitism: A Multi-Faceted Approach. Armin Lange, Kerstin Mayerhofer, Dina Porat and Lawrence H. Schiffman, eds. Berlin: DeGruyter, 2019: 463–73.

Wilken, Robert. John Chrysostom and the Jews: Rhetoric and Reality in the Late 4th Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.

Witherington, Ben. Torah Old and New: Exegesis, Intertextuality, and Hermeneutics. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2018.

Witherington, Ben. A Week in the Fall of Jerusalem. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2017.

Wyschogrod, Michael. Abraham’s Promise: Judaism and Jewish-Christian Relations. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004.